By signing the Association Agreement with the EU in 2014, Ukraine undertook to harmonize its legislation with European regulations relating to business law, including the scope of financial reporting and auditing. In 2017, the 3-year transitional period ended as laid down in the Association Agreement for the adaptation of Ukraine’s legislation to the EU Regulation No. 1606/2002 on the transition to IFRS and EU Directive No. 2006/43 / EU on Statutory Audit. The purpose of which is to "create a fully functioning market economy and to stimulate trade" (Article 337 of the Association Agreement).
In order to meet the commitments, Ukraine will introduce changes to the Law of Ukraine on "Accounting and Financial Reporting " as well as introducing a new law on the "Audit of Financial Reporting and Auditing". These changes will have a significant impact on the activities of accountants and auditors in Ukraine.
Small enterprises will not be affected by the changes, provided that they comply with at least two out of three indicators as follows: annual revenue does not exceed 8 million euros, aggregate assets do not exceed 4 million euros, staff numbers do not exceed 50. If an enterprise meets these indicators and is not involved in the insurance business, other financial services and also is not an issuer of securities, then there is a high probability (99%) that they will not be affected by the changes. Out of 1 million legal entities in Ukraine it is anticipated that only 1 to 2% will be affected by the new regulations.
However approximately 10,000 to 15,000 medium size legal entities generating more than 80% of GDP will be affected. Entities registered as LLC or Private Company will no longer be exempt from statutory audit and publication of financial statements. Large enterprises (revenues of 40 million euros and over, 20 million euros of assets as well as 250 staff and over) will have to adopt International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for financial reporting and day-to-day accounting.
In fact, it is anticipated that the transfer of financial accounting to IFRS will take about one year, during which it is necessary to reconfigure business processes, to finalize accounting policies and accounting systems, to revalue non-current assets and to train staff. This requires investment: the costs for one year may be less than three thousand euros for smaller enterprises, without taking into account the cost of the audit, but may be hundreds of thousands of euros for major domestic industries.
Enterprises which refuse to be audited and refuse to publish financial reports on their website (also from 2019) can expect significant fines.
It is expected that the new standards will increase the transparency of business and reduce the “shadow” sector, which is estimated by the International Monetary Fund to be 45% in Ukraine against 18 to 22% in the Baltic countries and 7 to 15% in Japan, the USA, Switzerland and Singapore.
Deputy General Director of Audit - HLB Ukraine
Member of Board of Ukrainian Federation of Professional Accountants and Auditors – a Full Member of IFAC
(from an interview for Ukrainian business media ubr.ua)